IMPORTANCE OF Healthy living

Eating a healthy diet, managing stress, exercising, and having a good night’s sleep may help how you feel emotionally and physically.

Review the slide show below to learn what you can do to live a healthy life while managing your HIV.

Remember, you should talk to your healthcare provider to find out whether these methods are right for you before starting them. These tips are intended for typical adults, but not necessarily for persons experiencing medical problems.

Proper Nutrition

As a person with HIV, it is important to take care of yourself by getting proper nutrition and maintaining a balanced diet.

Try these diet tips:

Eat a variety of foods from each food group each day

It's important to try to keep your energy level up. Talk to your doctor about the importance of eating a healthy, balanced diet

Water is essential to the body and an important part of health. Most doctors recommend 8 glasses of water per day

Talk to your doctor about whether you should take a multivitamin each day to help supplement your daily vitamins and minerals

Tips for proper nutrition Next Button

Managing Stress

Being infected with HIV can be stressful, and it’s important that you don’t let this stress become too overwhelming. Some tips to help you relax and manage stress include:

Go for a walk

Spend time outdoors in nature

Call a good friend

Go for a workout

Write in your journal

Take a long bath

Play with a pet

Work in your garden

Get a massage

Read a good book

Listen to music

Try yoga

Tips to relax and manage stress Back Button Next Button


Regular exercise can play an important role in your health. Exercise may include resistance training (like lifting weights or Pilates) or aerobic exercises (like walking or jogging).

Remember, your exercise program should be made just for you and based on your health. It is important to talk to your doctor before starting any exercise program.

If you’re not a physically active person, it can be difficult to stick with an exercise routine. Try these tips to help keep it up:

Put exercise "appointments" on your calendar

Choose something you like to do

Exercise with a friend

Plan social activities that involve exercise

Choose activities that match your abilities

Tips to maintain an exercise program Back Button Next Button

Sleep Tips

Maintain a regular sleeping schedule

Exercise regularly during the day

Perform relaxation exercises, such as yoga

Take a hot bath before bedtime

Keep sleeping area dark, quiet (use earplugs if necessary), and at a comfortable temperature

Try reading or doing something pleasant and calming prior to bedtime

Sleep just enough to feel refreshed

Talk to your healthcare team about other options

Tips to get proper sleep Back Button Next Button

Some Things to Avoid
Before Sleep

Having caffeine or chocolate

Staying in bed if you can’t sleep

Exercising right before bedtime

Large meals right before bedtime

Using nicotine and alcohol

Tips for what to avoid before trying to fall asleep Back Button

ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)

Who should not take ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)?

You and your healthcare provider should decide if ATRIPLA is right for you. Do not take ATRIPLA if you are allergic to ATRIPLA or any of its ingredients.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking
ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)?

Tell your healthcare provider if you:

  • Are pregnant or planning to become pregnant: Women should not become pregnant while taking ATRIPLA and for 12 weeks after stopping ATRIPLA. Serious birth defects have been seen in children of women treated during pregnancy with one of the medicines in ATRIPLA. Women must use a reliable form of barrier contraception, such as a condom or diaphragm, even if they also use other methods of birth control, while on ATRIPLA and for 12 weeks after stopping ATRIPLA. Women should not rely only on hormone-based birth control, such as pills, injections, or implants, because ATRIPLA may make these contraceptives ineffective.
  • Are breastfeeding: Women with HIV should not breastfeed because they can pass HIV and some of the medicines in ATRIPLA through their milk to the baby. We do not know if ATRIPLA could harm your baby.
  • Have kidney problems or are undergoing kidney dialysis treatment
  • Have bone problems
  • Have liver problems, including hepatitis B or C virus infection. Your healthcare provider may want to do tests to check your liver while you take ATRIPLA or may switch you to another medicine.
  • Have ever had mental illness or are using drugs or alcohol
  • Have ever had seizures or are taking medicine for seizures. Seizures have occurred in patients taking efavirenz, a component of ATRIPLA, generally in those with a history of seizures. If you have ever had seizures, or take medicine for seizures, your healthcare provider may want to switch you to another medicine or monitor you.

What important information should I know about taking other medicines with
ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)?

ATRIPLA may change the effect of other medicines, including the ones for HIV-1, and may cause serious side effects. Your healthcare provider may change your other medicines or change their doses.


  • Do not take ATRIPLA if you are taking the following medicines because serious and life-threatening side effects may occur when taken together: Vascor® (bepridil), Propulsid® (cisapride), Versed® (midazolam), Orap® (pimozide), Halcion® (triazolam), or ergot medications (for example, Wigraine® and Cafergot®).
  • ATRIPLA should not be taken with: Combivir® (lamivudine/zidovudine),
    COMPLERA® (emtricitabine/rilpivirine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate),
    EMTRIVA® (emtricitabine), Epivir® or Epivir-HBV® (lamivudine),
    Epzicom® (abacavir sulfate/lamivudine),
    STRIBILD® (elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF),
    Trizivir® (abacavir sulfate/lamivudine/zidovudine),
    TRUVADA® (emtricitabine/tenofovir DF), or VIREAD® (tenofovir DF), because they contain the same or similar active ingredients as ATRIPLA. ATRIPLA should not be used with
    SUSTIVA® (efavirenz) unless recommended by your healthcare provider.
  • Vfend® (voriconazole) should not be taken with ATRIPLA since it may lose its effect or may increase the chance of having side effects from ATRIPLA.
  • Do not take St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum), or products containing St. John’s wort with ATRIPLA. Taking St. John’s wort may decrease ATRIPLA levels and lead to increased viral load, and possible resistance to ATRIPLA or cross-resistance to other anti-HIV-1 drugs.
  • ATRIPLA should not be used with HEPSERA® (adefovir dipivoxil).

These are not all the medicines that may cause problems if you take ATRIPLA. Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, or herbal supplements you are taking or plan to take.

What are the possible side effects of
ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)?

ATRIPLA may cause the following additional serious side effects:

  • Serious psychiatric problems. Severe depression, strange thoughts, or angry behavior have been reported by a small number of patients. Some patients have had thoughts of suicide, and a few have actually committed suicide. These problems may occur more often in patients who have had mental illness.
  • Kidney problems (including decline or failure of kidney function). If you have had kidney problems, or take other medicines that may cause kidney problems, your healthcare provider should do regular blood tests. Symptoms that may be related to kidney problems include a high volume of urine, thirst, muscle pain, and muscle weakness.
  • Other serious liver problems. Some patients have experienced serious liver problems, including liver failure resulting in transplantation or death. Most of these serious side effects occurred in patients with a chronic liver disease such as hepatitis infection, but there have also been a few reports in patients without any existing liver disease.
  • Changes in bone mineral density (thinning bones). Lab tests show changes in the bones of patients treated with tenofovir DF, a component of ATRIPLA. Some HIV patients treated with tenofovir DF developed thinning of the bones (osteopenia), which could lead to fractures. Also, bone pain and softening of the bone (which may lead to fractures) may occur as a consequence of kidney problems. If you have had bone problems in the past, your healthcare provider may want to do tests to check your bones or may prescribe medicines to help your bones. Also, bone pain and bone softening may occur because of kidney problems.

Common side effects:

  • Patients may have dizziness, headache, trouble sleeping, drowsiness, trouble concentrating, and/or unusual dreams during treatment with ATRIPLA. These side effects may be reduced if you take ATRIPLA at bedtime on an empty stomach; they tend to go away after taking ATRIPLA for a few weeks. Tell your healthcare provider right away if any of these side effects continue or if they bother you. These symptoms may be more severe if ATRIPLA is used with alcohol and/or mood-altering (street) drugs.
  • If you are dizzy, have trouble concentrating, and/or are drowsy, avoid activities that may be dangerous, such as driving or operating machinery.
  • Rash is a common side effect with ATRIPLA that usually goes away without any change in treatment. Rash may be serious in a small number of patients. Rash occurs more commonly in children and may be a serious problem. If a rash develops, call your healthcare provider right away.
  • Other common side effects include: tiredness, upset stomach, vomiting, gas, and diarrhea.

Other possible side effects:

  • Changes in body fat have been seen in some people taking anti-HIV-1 medicines. Increase of fat in the upper back and neck, breasts, and around the trunk may happen. Loss of fat from the legs, arms, and face may also happen. The cause and long-term health effects of these changes in body fat are not known.
  • Skin discoloration (small spots or freckles) may also happen.
  • In some patients with advanced HIV infection (AIDS), signs and symptoms of inflammation from previous infections may occur soon after anti-HIV treatment is started. If you notice any symptoms of infection, contact your healthcare provider right away.
  • Additional side effects are inflammation of the pancreas, allergic reaction (including swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat), shortness of breath, pain, stomach pain, weakness, and indigestion.

This is not a complete list of side effects. Tell your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you notice any side effects while taking ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate).

You should take ATRIPLA once daily on an empty stomach. Taking ATRIPLA at bedtime may make some side effects less bothersome.

Please see Full Prescribing Information, including “What is the most important information I should know about ATRIPLA” in the Patient Information section.

Bristol-Myers Squibb    Gilead

© 2014 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company.

ATRIPLA is a registered trademark of Bristol-Myers Squibb & Gilead Sciences, LLC. SUSTIVA is a registered trademark of Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharma Company. COMPLERA, EMTRIVA, GILEAD, GSI, HEPSERA, STRIBILD, TRUVADA, and VIREAD are trademarks of Gilead Sciences, Inc., or its related companies. All other trademarks referenced herein are the property of their respective owners.

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