Welcome to ATRIPLA.com. This is the place to learn about the first HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) regimen in one pill daily.
The long-term effects (beyond 3 years) of ATRIPLA are not known at this time. People taking ATRIPLA may still get opportunistic infections or other conditions that happen with HIV-1 infection.
INDICATION and IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION for
ATRIPLA® (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)
ATRIPLA is a prescription medication used alone as a complete regimen
or with other anti-HIV-1 medicines, to treat HIV-1 infection in adults and children at least 12 years old who weigh at least 40 kg (88 lbs).
ATRIPLA does not cure HIV-1 infection or AIDS and you may continue to experience illnesses associated with HIV-1 infection, including opportunistic infections.
See your healthcare provider regularly while taking ATRIPLA.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
What is the most important information I should know about
ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)?
ATRIPLA can cause serious side effects:
- Some people who have taken medicine like ATRIPLA (which contains nucleoside analogs) have
developed lactic acidosis (build up of an acid in the blood). Lactic acidosis can be a serious medical
emergency that can lead to death.
Call your healthcare provider right away if you get the following signs or symptoms of lactic acidosis:
- feel very weak or tired
- have unusual (not normal) muscle pain
- have trouble breathing
- have stomach pain with nausea and vomiting
- feel cold, especially in your arms and legs
- feel dizzy or lightheaded
- have a fast or irregular heartbeat
- Some people who have taken medicines like ATRIPLA have developed serious liver problems
(hepatotoxicity), with liver enlargement (hepatomegaly) and fat in the liver (steatosis). In some cases, these liver
problems can lead to death.
Call your healthcare provider right away if you get the following signs or symptoms of liver problems:
- skin or the white part of your eyes turns yellow (jaundice)
- urine turns dark
- bowel movements (stools) turn light in color
- don't feel like eating food for several days or longer
- feel sick to your stomach (nausea)
- have lower stomach area (abdominal) pain
- You may be more likely to get lactic acidosis or liver problems if you are female, very overweight (obese), or
have been taking nucleoside analog-containing medicines, like ATRIPLA, for a long time.
- If you also have hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and you stop taking ATRIPLA, you may get a "flare-up" of your hepatitis. A "flare-up" is when the disease
suddenly returns in a worse way than before. Patients with HBV who stop taking ATRIPLA need close medical follow-up for several months to check for hepatitis that could be getting
worse. ATRIPLA is not approved for the treatment of HBV, so you need to discuss your HBV therapy with your healthcare provider.
Who should not take ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)?
You and your healthcare provider should decide if ATRIPLA is right for you. Do not take ATRIPLA if you are allergic
to ATRIPLA or any of its ingredients.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking ATRIPLA?
Tell your healthcare provider if you:
- Are pregnant or planning to become pregnant: Women should not become pregnant while taking
ATRIPLA and for 12 weeks after stopping ATRIPLA. Serious birth defects have been seen in children of
women treated during pregnancy with one of the medicines in ATRIPLA. Women must use a reliable form of
barrier contraception, such as a condom or diaphragm, even if they also use other methods of birth control, while
on ATRIPLA and for 12 weeks after stopping ATRIPLA. Women should not rely only on hormone-based birth
control, such as pills, injections, or implants, because ATRIPLA may make these contraceptives ineffective.
- Are breastfeeding: Women with HIV should not breastfeed because they can pass HIV or may pass ATRIPLA through their milk to
the baby. We do not know if ATRIPLA can be passed to your baby in your breast milk and whether it could harm your baby.
- Have kidney problems or are undergoing kidney dialysis treatment
- Have bone problems
- Have liver problems, including hepatitis B or C virus infection. Your healthcare provider may want to do
tests to check your liver while you take ATRIPLA or may switch you to another medicine.
- Have ever had mental illness or are using drugs or alcohol
- Have ever had seizures or are taking medicine for seizures. Seizures have occurred in patients taking
efavirenz, a component of ATRIPLA, generally in those with a history of seizures. If you have ever had seizures,
or take medicine for seizures, your healthcare provider may want to switch you to another medicine or monitor
What important information should I know about taking other medicines with ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)?
ATRIPLA may change the effect of other medicines, including the ones for HIV-1, and may cause serious side
effects. Your healthcare provider may change your other medicines or change their doses.
MEDICINES YOU SHOULD NOT TAKE WITH ATRIPLA
- Do not take ATRIPLA if you are taking the following medicines because serious and
life-threatening side effects
may occur when taken together: Vascor® (bepridil),
Propulsid® (cisapride), Versed® (midazolam), Orap®
(pimozide), Halcion® (triazolam), or ergot medications (for example, Wigraine® and Cafergot®).
- ATRIPLA should not be taken with: Combivir® (lamivudine/zidovudine),
(emtricitabine/rilpivirine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate),
EMTRIVA® (emtricitabine), Epivir® or Epivir-HBV®
Epzicom® (abacavir sulfate/lamivudine), Trizivir® (abacavir
sulfate/lamivudine/zidovudine), TRUVADA® (emtricitabine/tenofovir DF), or VIREAD® (tenofovir DF), because
they contain the same or similar active ingredients as ATRIPLA. ATRIPLA should not be used with SUSTIVA® (efavirenz) unless recommended by your healthcare provider.
- Vfend® (voriconazole) should not be taken with ATRIPLA since it may lose its effect or may increase the chance
of having side effects from ATRIPLA.
- Do not take St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum), or products containing St. John’s wort with
ATRIPLA. Taking St. John’s wort may decrease ATRIPLA levels and lead to increased viral load, and possible
resistance to ATRIPLA or cross-resistance to other
- ATRIPLA should not be used with HEPSERA® (adefovir dipivoxil).
These are not all the medicines that may cause problems if you take ATRIPLA. Tell your healthcare provider
about all prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, or herbal supplements you are taking or plan
What are the possible side effects of ATRIPLA (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)?
ATRIPLA may cause the following additional serious side effects:
- Serious psychiatric problems. Severe depression, strange thoughts, or angry behavior have been reported by
a small number of patients. Some patients have had thoughts of suicide, and a few have actually committed
suicide. These problems may occur more often in patients who have had mental illness.
- Kidney problems (including decline or failure of kidney function). If you have had kidney problems, or take other
medicines that may cause kidney problems, your healthcare provider should do regular blood tests. Symptoms
that may be related to kidney problems include a high volume of urine, thirst, muscle pain, and muscle
- Other serious liver problems. Some patients have experienced serious liver problems, including liver failure
resulting in transplantation or death. Most of these serious side effects occurred in patients with a chronic liver
disease such as hepatitis infection, but there have also been a few reports in patients without any existing liver
- Changes in bone mineral density (thinning bones). Lab tests show changes in the bones of patients treated
with tenofovir DF, a component of ATRIPLA. Some HIV patients treated with tenofovir DF developed thinning of
the bones (osteopenia), which could lead to fractures. Also, bone pain and softening of the bone (which may lead
to fractures) may occur as a consequence of kidney problems. If you have had bone problems in the past, your
healthcare provider may want to do tests to check your bones or may prescribe medicines to help your bones.
Also, bone pain and bone softening may occur because of kidney problems.
Common side effects:
- Patients may have dizziness, headache, trouble sleeping, drowsiness, trouble concentrating, and/or unusual
dreams during treatment with ATRIPLA. These side effects may be reduced if you take ATRIPLA at bedtime on an empty stomach; they tend to go away after taking ATRIPLA for a few
weeks. Tell your healthcare provider right away if any of these side effects continue or if they bother you. These symptoms may be more severe if ATRIPLA is used with alcohol and/or
mood-altering (street) drugs.
- If you are dizzy, have trouble concentrating, and/or are drowsy, avoid activities that may be dangerous, such as
driving or operating machinery.
- Rash is a common side effect with ATRIPLA that usually goes away without any change in treatment. Rash may be serious in a
small number of patients. Rash occurs more commonly in children and may be a serious problem. If a rash develops, call your healthcare provider right away.
- Other common side effects include: tiredness, upset stomach, vomiting, gas, and diarrhea.
Other possible side effects:
- Changes in body fat have been seen in some people taking anti-HIV-1 medicines. Increase of fat in the upper
back and neck, breasts, and around the trunk may happen. Loss of fat from the legs, arms, and face may also
happen. The cause and long-term health effects of these changes in body fat are not known.
- Skin discoloration (small spots or freckles) may also happen.
- In some patients with advanced HIV infection (AIDS), signs and symptoms of inflammation from previous
infections may occur soon after anti-HIV treatment is started. If you notice any symptoms of infection, contact
your healthcare provider right away.
- Additional side effects are inflammation of the pancreas, allergic reaction (including swelling of the face, lips,
tongue, or throat), shortness of breath, pain, stomach pain, weakness, and indigestion.
This is not a complete list of side effects. Tell your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you notice any side effects while taking ATRIPLA.
You should take ATRIPLA once daily on an empty stomach. Taking ATRIPLA at bedtime may make some side effects less bothersome.
Please see Full Prescribing Information, including "What is the most important information I should know about ATRIPLA" in the Patient Information section.